|Area||60° to 90° North and South latitude|
|sun path||53° about horizon (Polar day) |
till under horizon (Polar night)
|Average temperature||-47 to 0°|
|minimal temperature||-89°C (Antarktis)|
|maximal temperature||+25°C (Tundra)|
|daylenght||0 to 24 hours (Polar night respectively Polar day).|
|Precipitation||variable, mostly in the form of snow|
|Climate||Ice climate (Average temperature of warmest month is below 0°C), and - tundra climate (Average temperature of warmest month between 0 und 10°C).|
|Vegetation||Polar area: spare |
Tundra: moss, lichens, grass, boreal forest with conifer wood
|property||hostile to life, Polarlights|
Trondheim, Norway (63.42°N / 10.42°E 77 m asl)
Located in Western Norway, close to the North Sea .
Murmansk, Russia (68.97°N / 33.08°E 29 m asl)
Located in northern Russia, close to the Arctic Sea .
Yakutsk, Siberia (62.03°N / 129.73°E, 126 m ü.NN)
Located in continental Siberia, in the polar permafrost area.
Longyearbyen on the island Svalbard with slightly more than 2075 inhabitants (As of 01.May 2007) is one of the northmost cities of the world. The yearly average temperature is around -6° C.
Longyearbyen was founded to extract coal from the mountains of Svalbard and ship it to Europe. Today, Longjearbyen is also a tourism destination.
In Longyearbyen it is possible to see - depending on the season - the Polar day (daylong light) or the Polar night (darkness) for several months per year. Other atractions are the Polar lights in the Winter, as well as watching the polar fauna such a icebears, seals, wales etc.
The Current daylength and weather conditions are shown on the Metegramm to the right.