|Area||between tropical zone and tempered zone (25° to 40° North and South latitiude)|
|sun path||90 to 27° about horizon, according to place and season|
|Average temperature||>20° to 35°|
|maximal temperature||+66°C (Lybia, Iran, Death Valley)|
|daylenght||9 to 15 hours|
|Precipitation||dry, winter homidity and always wet areas|
|Climate||tropic summer, non-tropic winter|
|Vegetation||semi-deciduous or evergreen forests, hardwood forests with winter rain, Savanna, pastureland, semidesert, warm tempered moist forests, nemoral deciduous forests|
|property||extreme heat, downfall and drought in some areas|
A specific formation type, the hard foliage vegetation which is stamped for the Mediterranean areas of the Mediterranean Sea and California by evergreen oaken kinds − holm oak, corc oak and kermes oak as well as half-evergreen Macedonian oak dominates it. In Australia particularly two eucalyptus kinds, Jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) and Marri (Eucalyptus calophylla), in Mediterranean regions are spread. In California many coniferous wood under which the sequoia special interest comes up. In many areas the scenery is by early overexploitation completely treeless. The woods of southwest Australia, the cape region of South Africa, California and Mediterranean by the high endemic abundance under 25 Hotspots of the biodiversity of the earth.
Very varied laurel wood with numerous vianes, but less epiphytics than in tropical woods. In Australia typically eucalyptus woods. In the Caucasus, Afghanistan, north Iran and the eastern USA very varied foliage mixed forests with high portion in tertiary types. In southeast China, a global centre of the biodiversity, many original types which have otherwise become extinct, have been preserved.